The 6 Steps of Animation

 

The 6 Steps of Animation

Hey guys in this video I’m going to take you through the six steps of animation while showing and talking about each step in detail for this tutorial I actually animated a shot from scratch just for you and here’s the breakdown of how I did it now I have to say that these are the general steps an animator usually go through when working on a shot every animator has their own way of working but for a beginner it’s definitely a Philip roof system step one shooting a reference video this is a very important and overlooked step the thing is that people really think that they know how certain actions look like and how long they’re going to take but they are often wrong physical actions is something you need to analyze before starting to animate especially if you’re a beginner if you have a shot of a guy throwing a baseball you better YouTube some reference video of pitchers throwing balls don’t assume you know what it looks like just because you’ve seen it before or did it yourself observing an action as an animator is completely different than doing it on your day to day so for this tutorial I decided to go with the guy winking at someone and pointing at them within kind of a silly way so the first thing I did was to a reference video now that you have the reference it’s time to create your key poses of the shot these poses are called key poses because they are the most important parts of the shot these are the poses that if someone saw just them alone they would know exactly what’s going on in the shot in this case I only had three of them the initial pose the extreme pose of the finger in the air and the pointing pose you better make sure you get those poses right the next step is blocking once we’re happy with our poses we start breaking down the movement from each pose to the next by adding in betweens or breakdown poses or passing poses there are many names for it we keep doing that until the movement looks as good as it could be while still staying in the step mode step mode is when you don’t allow computer interpolation between poses so that’s why the animation looks kind of choppy and blocky step 4 as planning planning is a 3d animation term it’s the process in which you convert the interpolation from stepped to spline in other words you make the computer connect the movement between each of your poses and it makes the movement look smoother the problem is that the computer doesn’t do a very good job at interpolating it that’s why the better the blocking is the better the spline version is going look this is how our shower looks right after pressing the spline button it looks smooth but it’s not it’s not really good yet that’s why we have our next step smoothing and offset now that all our keys are on spline mode we have some work to do we need to clean up all the curves and make sure the movement looks smooth it’s also a good idea to offset some of the actions otherwise it looks very stop and start as if he’s doing all the motion at once in this case I moved the arm motion by a frame or two forward so it snaps a little after his body does I did the same for the head and even the shoulders a little bit I’ve also added some overlap to his body so when he snaps his hand it jiggles a little bit instead of just stopping and you can see that the whole body is rocking back and forth a little bit makes it seem more believable by the end of this step your shot should look pretty solid or even kind of finished and then we have our last step adding life this step is the most fun because you’re already done with the grunt work of animation and it’s time to just add the fun stuff the cool stuff in this step I just usually add small imperfections that add life to the character maybe an extra blink or a mouth twitch I added a lot of mouth movement which technically you should do in the blocking step but I just thought about near the end so I went for it I also added some eyebrow movement here and there the difference between the last two steps is small but very noticeable well that’s it for the six steps of animation for more detailed tutorials and articles check out our website bloop animation comm and of course don’t forget to subscribe

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